Treating & looking after him - Royal Canin

Living with your cat

Treating & looking after him

Contributing to the well-being and health of your cat

Brushing, claw, eye, ear and tooth care are simple gestures which contribute to the cat’s well-being and health when they are regularly applied.

If he has been well socialized when he was a kitten, an adult cat should be used to these few gestures which represent the basic care he should receive throughout his life. If he shows resistance, you’ll have to display much patience and gentleness and not hesitate to ask your veterinarian or professionals such as your breeder or a groomer for advice.

Ridding his coat of dead hair

Besides its aesthetic function–a brushed coat does look more beautiful–brushing prevents the cat from ingesting too large a quantity of dead hairs when grooming himself. One should remember that this activity accounts for 30% of his time and that molting for a cat living indoors takes place throughout the year. Fecal elimination of ingested hairs may represent a daily volume of 10 cm3 for a 4-kg cat!

The Persian’s long hair requires careful untangling with a comb every day. The coat is then brushed and aired. On short and flat hair, such as that of the Siamese or the Abyssinian, a few firm strokes of the hand are all that’s needed. Passing a soft brush every week is required for medium-length hair such as that of the Maine Coon. The same goes for a short-haired coat with underhair, such as that of the Exotic Shorthair.

The coat is the mirror of dietary balance. A protein deficit or deficiency of certain aminoacids may accelerate hair loss, slow down hair growth and be responsible for lackluster, brittle hair. The coat’s natural beauty may be strengthened by a Health Nutrition* food containing the nutritional elements indispensable to favor coat growth, gloss and renewal.

Things to keep an eye on

Impurities may build up in the inside corner of the eye. These are to be cleaned up gently with a compress moistened with a lotion reserved for that use. The cat should have neither a runny nose, no runny eyes.

For proper buccodental hygiene, daily toothbrushing that prevents tartar formation is essential. There are for cats very palatable toothpastes which can be passed on the teeth using a special brush or a folded compress. In all cases, the cat’s dentition should be closely watched on a regular basis. Indeed, 2 cats out of 3 are concerned by buccodental problems. A dry Health Nutrition* food formulated to maintain good buccodental hygiene can then be proposed. It will effectively contribute to limiting tartar formation by a mechanical brushing effect of the kibble against the teeth and by specific active agents that capture salivary calcium and prevent its deposit in the form of tartar.

Ear pavilions should reveal no foreign body. If need be, a compress or some cotton moistened with a special lotion will get rid of it. Cotton buds should not be used.

Claws

Blunting the cat’s claws is in no way a mutilation. On the contrary, this has the advantage of diminishing possible scratching or damage to furniture by a cat living indoors. To achieve this easily, and if the cat shows resistance, he can then be kept wrapped up in a towel from which his head and the relevant leg are left to stick out. Using nail clippers or a pair of scissors intended for that purpose, you just have to press gently on the last phalanx to bring out one claw after another. You should be careful to clip only the translucent part of the nail, without getting to the pink part which would bleed, and not to forget the dewclaws of the forelegs!

Having a bath?

A young cat that has been presented in feline shows is used to being groomed, since his coat must be impeccable to go in the hands of the judge. Once an adult, even if he no longer attends beauty contests, the bath ritual may be maintained, provided that you use a special shampoo, heat up the room well, put an antiskid bath mat in a few centimeters of water, and gradually moisten the cat before applying the shampoo. Thorough rinsing is to be followed by gentle rubbing with a towel, the cat always kept in the warm so long as his hair is not dry. However, a number of cats will never get used to bathing. If need be, there are scentless powders, equivalent to dry shampoos, that will have then to be removed by brushing.

Any changein the cat’s appearance or behavior requires reacting as soon as possible by taking him to the veterinarian.

Vaccines, vermifuge and antiparasitic

Vaccination confers to the cat immunity against a given disease. Feline typhus, coryza, leucosis, these dangerous diseases may be prevented thanks to vaccination, provided that the booster schedule established by the veterinarian is well observed.

To fight against infestation by internal parasites, a cat must be wormed regularly throughout his life with a product prescribed by a veterinarian. In case of infestation by fleas, the vermifuge must be administered again, since the cat may catch flat worms (Dypilidium) by swallowing a flea! Worming is an essential health act, because cats can pass on some of their parasites to Man!

External parasites such as fleas and lice can also be detrimental. An antiparasitic dispensed by the veterinarian will allow treating the cat effectively, as early as 2 months of age. It is often worth treating also the animal’s environment at the same time.

Cat scratcher and cat tree for the well-being of all...

Damages caused by cat claws on armchairs, sofas and other wallpapers are one of the main reproaches that cat owners direct at their little companion. These damages can be easily brought under control with a vertical scratcher or, even better, a cat tree. Made quite simply with a wood trunk covered with sisal on which platforms or hiding places have been mounted on several floors, the cat tree provides the cat with a territory of his own. On it, he can show his climbing skills, find a post for observation and rest, and sharpen his claws as much as he wants.

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